Massage is the practice of soft tissue manipulation with physical, functional, and
in some cases psychological purposes and goals. The word comes from the French massage
"friction of kneading," or from Arabic massa meaning "to touch, feel or handle" or
from Latin massa meaning "mass, dough". An older etymology may even have been the
Massage involves acting on and manipulating the body with pressure – structured, unstructured, stationary, or moving – tension, motion, or vibration, done manually or with mechanical aids. Target tissues may include muscles, tendons, ligaments, skin, joints, or other connective tissue, as well as lymphatic vessels, or organs of the gastrointestinal system. Massage can be applied with the hands, fingers, elbows, forearm, and feet. There are over eighty different recognized massage modalities. The most cited reasons for introducing massage as therapy have been client demand and perceived clinical effectiveness.
In professional settings massage involves the client being treated while lying on a massage table, sitting in a massage chair, or lying on a mat on the floor. The massage subject may be fully or partly unclothed. Parts of the body may be covered with towels or sheets.
Meditation is a mental discipline by which one attempts to get beyond the reflexive,
"thinking" mind into a deeper state of relaxation or awareness. Meditation often
involves turning attention to a single point of reference. It is recognized as a
component of many religions, and has been practiced since antiquity. It is also practiced
outside religious traditions. Different meditative disciplines encompass a wide range
of spiritual and/or psychophysical practices which may emphasize different goals—from
achievement of a higher state of consciousness, to greater focus, creativity or self-
The word meditation originally comes from the Indo-
Eastern meditation techniques have been adapted and increasingly practiced in Western culture.